In an era marked by deep political divisions, the teaching of social studies faces unprecedented challenges, as educators gathered at the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) conference in Nashville discussed. Despite its crucial role in shaping civic understanding, social studies often takes a backseat in many educational settings, exacerbating the problem. This blog explores the concerns raised at the conference, emphasizing the need to reevaluate and fortify social studies education.
The Neglected Discipline
According to Lawrence Paska, executive director of NCSS, the irony lies in the fact that, in many places, social studies is simply “not being taught, period.” The neglect stems from an increasing focus on undermining or attacking the subject rather than reinforcing it. This disregard for social studies was a recurring theme at the conference, raising concerns among educators, researchers, and advocates.
Defining Social Studies
Last month, NCSS updated its definition of social studies as the “study of individuals, communities, systems, and their interactions across time and place that prepares students for local, national, and global civic life.” The emphasis is now on an inquiry-based approach, encouraging students to question and analyze credible sources. The move is a response to growing politicization, with critics pushing for more “patriotic” curriculums.
Challenges to Inquiry-Based Learning
The inquiry-based approach, embedded in the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards, faces resistance from conservative politicians advocating for a more nationalistic curriculum. Revisions in states like Virginia and South Dakota have shifted the focus towards rote memorization, diminishing the importance of critical thinking and inquiry-based learning.
Choosing to be a social studies teacher is now seen as taking a political stance, especially as conservative politicians increasingly target educators in the field. Fights over social studies standards, debates around critical race theory, and anti-LGBTQ+ laws have turned into contentious battlegrounds. Teachers from various states, including Virginia, Texas, Tennessee, and Kentucky, shared stories of receiving threats and facing job insecurities.
Advocacy and Challenges
Workshops at the conference discussed how educators can engage in advocacy efforts against controversial revisions. Virginia teachers shared their experiences in fighting against a standards revision, emphasizing the importance of organizing state professional organizations and local unions. However, educators acknowledged the uphill battle they face, with some expressing fear for their jobs and personal safety.
Improving Social Studies Materials and Instruction
Addressing the need for high-quality resources, educators stressed the importance of curriculum and materials that cater to diverse backgrounds. Curriculum publishers from Imagine Learning, Core Knowledge, and Pearson highlighted efforts to update materials and collaborate closely with educators to meet their specific needs. Despite these initiatives, challenges persist in ensuring that all students, regardless of location, have access to a common framework for understanding the nation’s history and engaging in civic life.
The Absence of a National Approach
While math, science, and English have national frameworks, social studies lacks a comparable foundation. Bruce Lesh, supervisor of elementary social studies in Maryland, emphasized the absence of a national approach to social studies instruction. Unlike other disciplines, social studies lacks a standardized framework for what to teach, hindering efforts to provide students with a cohesive understanding of the country’s history.
In conclusion, the challenges facing social studies education are multifaceted, encompassing neglect, political battles, and the absence of a cohesive national approach. As educators grapple with these issues, the need for resilience, advocacy, and a renewed commitment to inquiry-based learning becomes increasingly apparent. The future of social studies education hinges on collaborative efforts to navigate the complexities of a polarized educational landscape.